Stages of Bedsores, Pressure Sores, Decubitis Ulcers
Bedsores, pressure sores or decubitis ulcers should be staged by medical professionals.
Please see a medical doctor or wound care specialist for accurate staging.
The information below is for guideline purposes only.
Should you have a sore seek immediate medical attention. Stages can progress very quickly and you should seek the best medical treatment.
Stage 1 sores are not open wounds. The skin may be painful, but it has no breaks or tears.
Skin may appear reddened, like a bruise. The integrity of the skin remains intact but the area is at high risk of further breakdown. It is crucial that the area is identified promptly, since with proper treatment these sores should heal within 60 days.
At this stage the skin may break open, wear away, or form an ulcer which is usually tender and painful. The sore expands into deeper layers of the skin. It can look like a scrape, blister, or even a shallow crater in the skin. Sometimes this stage looks like a blister filled with clear fluid. Skin may begin to die.
At stage 3 the sore worsens and extends beneath the skin surface, forming a small crater. There may be no pain at this stage due to nerve damage. The risks of tissue death and infection are high.
At stage 4 the pressure sore is very deep, reaching into muscle and bone and causing extensive damage. Damage to deeper tissues, tendons, and joints may occur. You may even see to the bone. Serious complications, such as osteomyelitis (infection of the bone) or sepsis (infection carried through the blood) can occur.
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